The ethical policy, framed and adopted by the Xavier’s Research and Publication Cell (XRPC)
of St. Xavier’s College Jaipur, running under the supervision of the Jaipur Xavier Educational
Association (JXEA), is about avoiding the five most unethical practices of falsification,
plagiarism, duplicate submission, authorship conflict and conflict of interest.
We focus on and thus advise the researchers to conform to the scientific ethics at each stage of
performing a research and documenting its results.
The misconduct affects authors, reviewers and editors as well as all the stakeholders involved
and the society at large. As a researcher it is absolutely essential to follow all the ethical
principles framed by the institution, as stated below, and avoid any misconduct or unethical
The author should not submit their research paper in two or more journals at the same time. It
has been normally observed that such practices are adopted by authors to increase the number of
their publications. As per the ethical principles the research paper should be submitted to only
Falsification/fabrication of Research Data
The authors sometimes try to manipulate data and the methods to prove their results and studies,
such practices are considered as falsification or fabrication of data. Such activities are treated as
unethical by the institution and should be avoided under every circumstance.
The ethical policy of the institution focuses on proper referencing in the desired formats and thus
the research paper(s)/article(s)/book review(s) should be Plagiarism free. The author(s)
sometimes intentionally or unintentionally uses the content another person’s work(s) or idea(s) in
the writing of research paper(s)/article(s)/book review(s)without giving them due credit and
passing them off as one’s own in the paper, which is undoubtedly unethical.
Even using one’s own text from other publications in the current writing without due reference is
considered plagiarism and is more specifically termed as self-plagiarism. The author(s) are
advised to be vigilant in proper referencing as per the prescribed formats like APA, MLA etc. the
author is expected to properly acknowledge the source, even one’s own referencing from
previous publications. The institution has advanced versions of soft tools to undergo a systematic
plagiarism check as detection of plagiarism has become easier with the advent of numerous
plagiarism checking tools.
Any person who contributes to the conception, designing or acquisition of research data, analysis
of data, drafting or revision of the article, and its final approval before publication is entitled for
the authorship of that paper.
Following unethical practices lead to an authorship conflict:
1. Not including the name of the person who contributes to the research in any manner.
2. Failure to obtain consent from a person whose name is cited in the manuscript.
3. Adding an extra author (who has made no contribution towards the paper, whatsoever) or
removing the name of an existing author before or after publication.
4. Citing a person as an author just on the basis of seniority, family or professional
relationship when none of them has contributed to the research or its writing.
The conflict can be prevented by deciding the authorship at the very onset of research.
Conflict of interest
Conflict of interest is a situation in which the author of the research study may be influenced by
personal and/or financial considerations to affect the quality or the end result of the research.
If any such conflicts of interest should arise, be they personal, financial or any other, they must
be disclosed with complete honesty to the editorial team.
Though the publication guidelines of the institution and the society will guide the author to keep
a check on their misconduct in research and publication, ideally the expectation from the author
is to undergo a self-scrutiny of the authenticity of their research work. The editorial board has the
right to reject the work of the researcher in case of violation of rules and regulations.